India: Wars and Campaigns of Ala-ud-din Khilji, 1296-1316
v.1.2 February 9, 2004

Maintained by Ravi Rikhye


Wars and Campaigns of Ala-ud-din Khilji
Background: The Fall of the Slave Dynasty and the Rise of the Khilji Dynasty Amrit Pal Singh
Photograph: Queen Padmini's Palace

Taken primarily from Ishwiri Prasad’s New History of India (the Indian Press, Allahabad, 1956), this is only a preliminary attempt to sketch a list of the wars and campaigns of Ala-ud-din Khilji, the first Muslim ruler to conquer all of India. Prof. Prasad’s was one of the earliest post-colonial attempts to write Indian history from an Indian perspective.  Dates from different sources are not always in agreement        


Defeats Mongols at Jullunder (1)


Defeats Mongols at Delhi


Conquers Gujarat (western India)


His general Zafar Khan defeats invasion of Saldi


Defeats Mongol horde of 200,000 led by Qutlugh Khwaja


Khilji’s generals Zafar, Musrat, Alagh Khan defeat Khwaja’s third invasion of India


Failed assault against Ranthambor (Rajasthan)


Conquers Ranthambor


Mewar Campaign, conquers Chittor (Rajasthan) (2)


Targhi’s invasion of India defeated


Conquers Malwa, Mandu, Ujjain, Chanderi, completing conquest of North India


Ali Beg and Targhi’s invasion of India defeated


Invasion of Bengal fails


Kubak and Iqbamand’s invasion defeated, last Mongol invasion


Conquest of Devagiri by Ala-ud-din’s leading general, Malik Kufar (3)


Campaign against Sivana, Rajasthan, successful


Telengana Campaign


Hoyasala Kingdom conquered


Conquest of Jalor


Conquest of Madhuri – South is now fully won


Defeats revolt of Devagiri

(1)   Prasad refers to the Mongols as Mughuls. The latter term is commonly used for the great Indian dynasty founded by Babar (1526).

(2)   The endemic and suicidal warfare between the Rajput kings in the period approximately 1100-1550 permitted the Muslims to conquer India. So wrapped up in notions of their honor were these kings that they would rather bow to the Muslim invader than accept the sovereignty of one of their own and fight united. This enabled Ala-ud-din Khilji to roll up the Rajput kingdoms one by one. The conquest of Chittor is the basis for one of the most famous legends of medieval India. On hearing of the renown beauty of Queen Padmini, wife of Rana Rattan Singh, ruler of Chittor, Ala-ud-din decided to conquer the kingdom and win her. Historians have been unable to find any factual basis for the story.  In the event, facing defeat, the defenders of Chittor made one last sortie from the fort and died fighting rather than surrender, while the women, including the Queen, participated in a mass suicide by fire.    

(3)   Malik Kufar led most of Ala-ud-din’s campaigns in the conquest of India.  Supremely loyal, he was assassinated after the death of his master when he attempted to gain the throne for himself. 

Source: Government of Rajasthan Tourism Department

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All content © 2004 Ravi Rikhye. Reproduction in any form prohibited without express permission.