Dynasties: Rajputs - The Rathores of Marwar
The Rajputs claim descent from an 8th Century king.
The Rajputs who till the 10th century were mostly local feudal lords holding the status of revenue collectors for their Gurjara-Pratihara overlords, asserted themselves as independent rulers, after the Ghaznavid storm had blown over, and took over the earlier kingdoms of the Gurjara-Pratiharas. The main Rajput kingdoms in the 11th and 12th centuries were that of the Cahamanas (Chouhans) in East Punjab, Northern Rajasthan and Delhi. The Gahadwalas (Rathores) ruled the Ganges valley today's UP. [http://www.hindubooks.org/sudheer_birodkar/hinduhistory/landrajput.html]
By tenth century the Kshatriyas or warriors of northern India, who were descendents of post-Gupta rulers, took up a name for themselves, Rajputs, sons of Kings (derived from Sanskrit word Rajputra). These warriors depending upon lineage, divided into various clans. Each clan had a distinct lineage and kingdom. These Rajput rulers often fought among themselves to assert the supremacy, but none could build an empire. Instead, the northern, central and western parts of India were divided among many of these rulers into kingdoms of various sizes. This was the major factor that prompted the Islamic invaders to pour in India, mainly from Afghanistan and central Asia, as there was no central authority left to challenge them. [http://www.med.unc.edu/~nupam/kshatr1.html]
Subsequent to the sack of Kannuaj by Muhammad Gazhnavi in 1018, resulting in the destruction of this once powerful kingdom, Kannuaj split into several kingdoms, ruled by Rajput kings
Origin of the Rathore Family: The Rathores (Gahadvalas) of Banaras and Kannauj
Quoted from http://www.med.unc.edu/~nupam/kshatr1.html
Chandradeva, who belonged to Rathore clan of Rajput warriors, established the Gahadavala dynasty. It was during rule of Govind Chandra Rathor, grandson of Chandradeva, this dynasty reached it's pinnacle of power. Govind Chandra occupied most of the Gangetic valley consisting of modern Bihar and Uttar pradesh states. He had his capital at Banaras and it was a prosperous kingdom.
At this juncture a rival empire was established at the western boundry of Gahadavalas. This kingdom was by another clan of warrior Rajputs, Chauhans (Chahmanas). The grandson of Govind Chandra, Jai Chandra (Jai Chand) was the last Gahadavala ruler. According to legends, Jai Chandra’s daughter was abducted by King of Chauhan dynasty, Prithviraja, which added bitterness to long-standing rivalry.
When Mahmud of Ghor (or Ghur) invaded India, the Rathors and Chauhans, the two most prominent dynasties of northern India, could not put up a joint struggle against foreign invader. Ghori defeated both Prithviraja Chauhan and Jai Chandra Rathor separately and later killed them
A prince of the Kannauj kings founded the Rathore Dynasty of Marwar in 1226. In turn, he became the ancestor of founders of several Rajput states, big and small. In those days, possession was ten tenths of the law, and legitimacy was confirmed by killing the previous king and declaring yourself king in his place. If you and your descendents could hold on to the throne, well and good. If you or they could not, the next man who defeated you became king.
ANCESTORS [KINGS OF KANNAUJ]
1170–1194 Jaichand ---- Quarrels with Prithviraj Chauhan
1226-1273 SHEOJI founder of the State of Marwar in 1226, ancestor of the rulers of Marwar, Jodhpur, and many other states.